4 Passive Solar Benefits of Metal Roofing
When you get dressed in the morning, do you consider passive solar design principles? Probably not. At least not conciously. But I’ll bet you consider the weather as you choose what to wear? I do. If it’s going to be hot and sunny, I usually choose a light colored shirt that is made from a fabric that breathes. Experience tells me to avoid black because it will soak up the sun’s heat and avoid a tightly woven fabric because it will trap air next to my skin and make me feel hotter. This is a principle of passive solar design that we use without even labeling it or thinking about it. And you can use these principles in your house design.
Metal roofs, now often referred to as “cool roofs,” can act like your light colored, open weave shirt and keep your house cooler in hot weather. They do this “passively”, that is they use no electricity in the process. Here’s why they work. In an article posted at Classic Metal Roofing Systems website, they list four energy benefits you’ll get with a metal roof.
1. Thermal Mass. Mass is the “weight” of a material. Stone has more mass than wood because a chunk of stone weighs a lot more than a the same-sized chunk of wood. Heavy asphalt roofs have a lot more mass than metal roofs. The higher the mass, the more heat a material can absorb. Although metal can get quite hot to the touch, it does not store heat in its mass and it will give up it’s heat more quickly soon as the sun goes down, or behind a cloud, or even when a breeze blows. So just like your open weave shirt, the material will cool down easily. Aluminum is even better than steel in this regard.
2. Color. Just like your light colored shirt, a light colored roof will absorb less radiant heat. I wrote a blog post about how I use passive solar principles to help clear snow and ice from my driveway. And color was the key. Here’s a link to that article, if you’re interested click here.
3. Reflective Pigment. In the Classic Metal Roof Systems article, they say “Many dark-colored metal roofs now have reflective pigments so that good reflectivity is achieved even in dark colors.” This means that you are not limited to a silver or white roof to enjoy the benefits of an energy efficient, highly-reflective roof.
4. Integral Airspace. Metal roofs do not lay tightly against the roof sheathing. This means that a gap of air is created that insulates the roof sheathing from conducted heat coming from the metal. This airspace acts like a trivet or a pad you might place beneath a hot pan to keep from burning the countertop or table in your kitchen. Asphalt roofs lay tightly against the sheathing and continually conduct heat into your attic or rooms below, adding to your air-conditioning expense.
No matter what roof material you choose, be sure to provide sufficient attic ventilation. Metal roofs do not replace this essential design feature. But metal roofs will keep your attic and house much cooler and keep your air-conditioning electrical costs down significantly.
Metal roofs tend to cost more, initially, than shingle roofs. I’m researching this and looking for ways to control the added costs. I’ll report on this in future posts. If you have any experiences with metal roofing and the energy benefits, please post a comment. I would love to hear from you.
Just came across your helpful blog.
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Our project, THE CONCORD GREEN HOME, has a metal roof for many of the reasons you articulate in this post, and more.
Keep up the great work.
I’ve seen several comments about “well ventilated attic” across your blog. Can you give us your take on closed attic, expanded foam insulation systems in contrast to soffit and ridge vents?
Looking forward to your response!
Bill – I see that I neglected to respond to your comment. I apologize. It must have gotten lost in the shuffle.
I like closed attics. They add some cost because they require additional insulation. But they work well and clearly help the energy performance of the house. But a sealed attic must be totally sealed and not just “sort of” sealed. Otherwise you can create a moisture problem. Seal the attic completely and treat it as interior space within the building envelope.
Regarding foam insulation, I find I can not get comfortable with that material. It does off-gas, even though they say it doesn’t. It adheres to the wood and sheathing so much that if there ever was a problem discovered about it’s health effects, there would be no way to remove it entirely from the house. And it is my understanding that it still has some petroleum product in it even when they sell it as containing soy. Since the product is so new and unproven, I recommend avoiding it so you won’t end up with a problem later on. It might be the great product they say it is. But I don’t think the benefits of foam are enough to warrant taking the risk of a future discovery of problems, like so many building products have presented over the years. Seal your attic with dense pack cellulose, instead.
I have being researching for some new and good ideas for building from last 3- 4 months for my new house and reading your blog, I found your post very helpful in this post i read the benefits of metal roof.
metal roofs offers lots of benefits. great post!Residential Roofing
I am agree with you that Metal roofing increase the Airspace. It is really a big benefit. But With the advancement and the change in living styles of people, there has been a dramatic change in people’s preferences. With the increased choices, the demands have also increased. Building a home is one of an asset which you probably will build once in a lifetime, as the choices has changed people want to go for things that are in fashion whether they are regarding clothes, cars, furniture, home, shower doors etc.
i wonder if the extra cost for the metal roof will be made up for future buyers. Will the 2nd or third buyer down the road pay more for a home with a metal roof verses other material.
Metal roof really does have its benefits as compared to other materials that are normally used for roofing. That was a really good article, thanks for taking the time to put it together! You have managed to point out some very good points.
Roof material you choose must be sure to provide essential strength. Metal roofs will keep your attic and house much cooler and keep your air-conditioning electrical costs down significantly. if used with liquidrubberroofing, Made in USA
it will add life to your roof
I have been thinking about getting a metal roof for my new house that I am building, but I was extremely hesitant because I didn’t know how hot it would make my house. Like you said metal tends to get extremely hot, but I had no idea that it doesn’t absorb and store that heat. By getting a metal roof I might be able to actually reduce my heating and cooling bills.
I like the integral airspace idea. It looks like it could save me some money actually. We’re wanting to run pipes through the metal roofing so we can use the heat to warm our water heater. I haven’t passed it my too many people yet, but I wanted to see if it was plausible or practical first.
I’ve seen metal roofs before. But I don’t know much about them. Good to know that a metal roof will help keep your home cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter. I might just have to look into getting a metal roof when I build my new house next year.
I totally disagree. Metal roofing (and siding) do not help a home stay cool. They make it more difficult to insulate. I know by experience. I lived in a house with both. The attic was always scorching hot because the metal heats up like all metal does. It gets HOT. This effectively cuts down the R value of whatever insulation you may have. You may not see an issue if you have triple insulation. But not everyone does.
For a passive solar home, insulation is VERY important. The hot rays of the sun beating onto the home is bad enough. And the last thing you need is for something to amplify the effect. Like metal.
Joem – For a metal roof to do it’s proper job of keeping a house cooler, the metal need to not be in contact with the roof sheathing. The metal panels should be installed with a ventilating air space between them and the sheathing. That way the heat in the metal does not transfer into the house. It works very well this way. It sounds like your roofing metal must have been sitting down on the sheathing with no air space. And of course, more insulation is always better.
Really cool stuff here about metal roofing! I learned a lot about this kind of stuff in a global sustainability class I had last semester and I was just fascinated by it all. Thanks for the information and the good read!
Metal roofing with integral airspace can be a good insulator rather than roof insulated by asbestos which can be harmful to our health. New innovation like this can be a good source of insulation with a good impact to our environment.
I’ve never thought of metal roofing being tied to Solar benefits. You make some great points about light reflection etc. We are deciding on what type of roof to do for our new house and this article was very helpful in helping us see the benefits of metal roofing. Thanks!
Jay – Your are welcome. Just point out to the roof installer that you want a slight gap between the roof sheathing and the metal roof panel for air flow.
If you’re looking at changing your roofing material, you should ensure a professional inspects the old materials before your start your project. A lot of older houses used asbestos sheeting in the roof (and indeed, other parts of the house build)! Asbestos is a hazardous material that is best left to the professionals to identify and safely remove. Just my 2c (As an Asbestos Re-roof Perth Specialist)
Thanks for explaining some benefits to metal roofing. It’s good to know that there are reflective pigments even in dark colored metal roofs. This seems very important for keeping a building cool that lives in typically warm or sunny climates.
Tammy – I would suggest you install a transitional piece between the old boards and the new boards that would lay perpendicular to the floor boards. That would solve the transition from one width board to the other width board provided the transition board ends up in some sort of logical place in the floor.